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Brain Injury

Each year around 700,000 attend A&E with a head injury. Over 80% of those have only a minor injury.

The most common causes are falls, assaults and road traffic accidents. Although more are now being associated with sports injuries.

There are two major types of Brain/Head injuries:

1. Severe Head Injury

Diagnosing a head injury is often done by using what is called the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) to assess the head injury. This rages from 3 to 15 with 3 being the most severe and 15 being least severe.

A head injury is usually moderate if it is between 9-12 on the GCS and severe if it is 8 or lower.

Signs of a severe head injury are*1:

a) Unconsciousness – either brief or for a longer period

b) Fits or seizures

c) Difficulty speaking or staying awake

d) Problems with senses

e) Vomiting

f) Blood or clear fluid coming from the ears or nose

g) Memory loss

If you have any of the above symptoms and have suffered a bang to the head then you should seek immediate treatment from a Hospital. Most people go home within 48 hours, however a small number require further investigation.

2. Minor Head InjuryThe signs of a minor head injury are*2:

a) Mild headaches

b) Feeling sick

c) Mild dizziness

d) Mild blurred vision

If you suffer a knock to the head and have any of the above symptoms then you should attend Hospital for a check-up.

Some people are not aware that they have suffered a head injury because the symptoms can be very subtle. But if you have had a knock to the head and find that you then suffer from any of the following, it can be an indicator that you have a head injury:

a) Loss of concentration –not being able to hold conversation for long, or not being able to read a book or watch TV

b) Forgetfulness – such as forgetting why you went into a room or forgetting appointments

c) Dizziness – when standing up, or moving around

d) Impulsive behaviours – changes to your behaviour such as being more risky or out of character

e) Mood changes – being more impatient, losing your temper more quickly than before, not being able to cope with situation that would not have been significant before

f) Tiredness – getting tired more quickly, not wanting to do anything and losing interest in things that would have otherwise been of interest to youIf you or someone you know may have suffered a brain/head injury following an accident and you would like further advice then please contact our specialist Solicitors who will provide you with expert advice in this area.

If you have had a past accident claim and you do not believe that a head injury was correctly considered by your Solicitors and you suffered any of the above symptoms then we may also be able to help and recover further compensation for you.

Please contact us on 0800 019 0324 or at



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